Rules of Origin and the AfCFTA

Once fully implemented, the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) will be the world’s largest common market with about 1.3 billion people.

The UNCTAD Economic Development in Africa Report 2019: Made in Africa – Rules of origin for enhanced intra-African trade (EDAR) analyzes the critical role that rules of origin play for making better use of preferential trade opportunities and for enhancing intra-African trade.

The EDAR 2019 argues for the adoption of simple, transparent, business-friendly and predictable rules of origin. If rules of origin are well designed, there is much to be gained in the AfCFTA.


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